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It’s finally time for Norfolk as a city to take a stand and helped to improve the environment that we currently live in. Currently Norfolk is taking small strides to improve the city and it is known as the tree city and we it is the home of the botanical gardens. Therefore, I would like to help promote the trees and gardens that the city takes pride in.

Norfolk has many abandon buildings that are in our local neighborhoods that have no use. I think it’s time we tear those buildings down and in place of them create neighborhood gardens. This would be a great opportunity to get the communities involved in created a more eco-friendly areas. This is an opportunity to change the attitudes of the citizens about how important the environment is by giving them a chance to do hands on.  This is a chance to grow fresh produce in our local neighborhoods and educate one another.

This one project can reshape our communities and people’s mind sets on the environment as well. Getting local non-profit go green organizations involved with promoting the project as a chance to alter the environment and our health. Targeting big corporations that are involved in charity work to help fund the project would be beneficial. We only desire that the citizens of the communities do not have to fund the project, but instead invest their time to working in the gardens. Forming a connection with the local farmers market would allow the produce to be sold the money can be put back into these communities. We want there to be some thing in this for everyone.


The Shareable Future of Cities

  1. How many people does Steffen estimate we will have living in or near cities by mid-century?

8 billion or more maybe more.

2.    Explain how you agree or disagree with Steffen’s point that our energy use is “predestined” rather than   “behavioral”.

I agree that the energy we use in our communities is predestined because of the amount of energy that is required to support these communities. The larger the community the more energy that is required and regardless of the behavior of the people there will always be a need for the energy.

3. What correlation does Steffen make between a city’s density and its climate emissions?

He makes the correlation that denser places tend to have lower emissions. In denser communities transportation is not in great demand because everything a person needs is closer to them.

4. What are the “eco districts” that Steffen mentions? How you see these as feasible or unfeasible in a city like Norfolk?

The Eco districts that he mentions are new sustainable neighborhoods. These districts he describes are infill, urban retrofitting and tentpole density. I think eco districts could be feasible for Norfolk, however public transportation would have to be more reliable and there would need to be more access to thing closer to people’s homes. Currently, in Norfolk many things people need access to they must drive.

5. Explain how you agree or disagree with the “threshold effect” that Steffen discusses related to transportation.

I agree with the “threshold effect” when it relates to transportation. When people live in areas where they have access to everything they need close to home there is no reason to have cars. Especially when they live in bigger cities people tend to use other modes of transportation instead of their own private cars. Sometimes having these vehicles are more of a burden when a person lives in the inner city.

6. What does Steffen mean by the idea that, “…even space itself is turning into a service…”? Can you provide any examples that you see here in Norfolk or elsewhere?

Developers are finding ways to use spaces creatively to produce their own energy such as using daylight to light buildings and breezes to cool them. Many of the newer buildings on campus have been designed with many windows in the fronts of the buildings in order to bring the daylight inside.

7. Describe your understanding of Steffen’s argument that, “…it’s not about the leaves above, but the systems below…”.

His argument basically made a point that just because a city may be planting trees everywhere does not solve the issues. There are many other things that must be done to help support the ecosystem. Cleaning the air above us must start with the actions that we are taking below.

8. Finally, overall in what way(s) do you see Steffen’s ideas working / not working here in Norfolk? Spend time with this question!

I do not see the things that Steffen is talking about working in Norfolk. Norfolk is not a dense city and it is very spread out compared to other cities. I do not feel Norfolk has a great desire to become an eco friendly city. Driving down the street it’s easy to notice people do not take pride in some of the surrounding communities. Norfolk could have the potential, but it must start with changing the attitudes of the people.


Andersen, K. 1986. Pop Goes the Culture. Time (16 June):68-74.

Pop Goes the Culture

Pop culture has taken over in America and is impacting other countries as well. In the 1950 many Americans were afraid that pop culture would completely consume American Society and Americans would no longer be taken seriously. At the start of pop culture the author expressed  no man who had a successful career would enjoy pop culture because it was not refined. As they had predicted by the 1980s pop culture was everywhere. Pop culture promoted a relaxed and fun way of life. America was no longer recognized for its famous painters or writers of literature, but instead its sitcoms and pop singers. American movies have been popularized in developed and developing countries for their quality of production. These movies that are created in Hollywood are being watched across the world. What make pop culture so popular in these countries? It’s ability to constantly change. The author discussed how everything in pop culture is a fade. The ability to maintain an audience comes from it’s ability to evolve. Pop culture represents freedom and democracy in countries where freedom is not given. The shows that are watched and the products that are sold in these countries connect these people to America.

After reading this article it was easy to realize how much of an impact American culture influences other countries. Pop culture connects so many culture because it pulls from these cultures. The beauty about America is that Americans are so many different nationalities and the pop culture reflects that. It is easy to turn on the television and see someone like you. I agree with the authors views because pop culture does represent freedom to many people. Pop culture does not have boundaries because its always pushing to get an reaction from people whether it be happiness, anger, sadness or fear. Pop culture proves that America is the land of opportunity because it turns everyday people into movie stars, singers and models.

My Phone Has Its Own Mind!

My phone has never been my best friend because it has always seemed to fail me when I need it the most. Have you ever noticed that your phone is always dead when you have to make an important phone call? Maybe that just happens to me. My phone has the ability to perform so many amazing task, but asking it to perform a phone call and it does not know how to react. The function of the phone is to be able to call someone and that function should always work. The second main function is text messaging which has its horrible moment too. Sometimes my phone does not want to send text messages or receive them. All I want to know is if I can check my email and listen to Pandora at the say time, why can’t I send a message or call someone? Are these task to simple for my complex phone? I never had these problems with my flip phone!!!!  Does my phone have a mind of it’s own and does it make the decision to torture me? Maybe it’s getting back at me for dropping it on the pavement that day. Hmmm……..maybe it just wants me to stop being so dependent on it.

Amanda Gets Mad At Her Phone

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